By Sofia Rojas, 9th Grade
The gender gap is the difference among genders regarding political, social, economic, and educational affairs. While in countries like the U.S and Canada the pay gap has been relatively stable with 84% of women making the same as men, but in countries like the Dominican Republic or Cuba, women are 30% less likely to have the same opportunities as men.
In 2020, the wage gap was relatively smaller taking into consideration data from the 1990s. Recent studies found women aged 25 to 34 made 93 cents for every dollar a man made compared to a 33 cent difference in the 1990s. But the real question we should be asking ourselves is: what fuels the gender gap? Factors like employment, ethnicity, residence and income continuity are huge antecedents fueling the gap. Finding a workforce for women persists in being bothersome. While the global labor rate for women happens to be 49%, men exceedingly surpass this percentage with 75%. The international labor organization explains that the reason for the gap has a huge correlation with the “glass-ceiling effect”. The glass-ceiling effect is the pervasive resistance to the efforts of women or minorities to reach the top ranks of management. A 2003 report showed that only 7 to 9% of upper managers employed in firms were women. In 2018, only 16% of all leadership positions were composed of women.
Gamba, a 35-year-old businesswoman, filed a lawsuit against her employer. Why? Because after putting 9 nine years into the company and being the top stock exchanger of her office, she realized she wasn’t even nominated for promotion. After pulling her boss aside and asking him why she wasn’t nominated, his answer was impulsive, to say the least. He told Gamba that by nominating her he would’ve been “a laughingstock”. Gamba generated $9.5 million more for the company than her male counterparts. After that Gamba joined a lawsuit with more than 3,000 women who had been victims of the same effect.
Gamba’s lawyer explained that if these women were to come forward, their careers would face serious repercussions. At Twitter, after a software engineer complained about gender bias, she was put on indefinite leave. But the gap can be seen everywhere. After Kelly Ellis was hired as an engineer in Google, she was quick to find a male counterpart who had less work experience and graduated a year later than her, was earning more and was offered a higher executive position. The gender gap is more than real and affects women everywhere. Women are seeing their careers injured and compromised because of the effects supported by the patriarchy. Both the gender gap and the glass-ceiling effect are extremely detrimental to the development of society.
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