Covid-19 Vaccinations on the Younger Population

By: Carlota Montás, 9th Grade

In this period of time, we have seen the promotion of the Covid-19 vaccine, and how people believe that after the majority of the world population gets it, we will be getting back to normal, but really, how safe is the vaccine for young people? 

At the beginning of the pandemic, it was believed that younger people were less likely to get the virus and to spread it, but the CDC says that people under age 30 accounted for more than 20% of the Covid-19 cases in the US. This has opened the door for people that are under the age of 30 to get vaccinated. According to the Boston Children’s Hospital, the FDA approved an emergency vaccine for people 16 years and older from Pfizer, as well as Johnson & Johnson and Moderna for people aged 18 and over. 

It has been proved that younger people are having worse and more side effects after the second dose of the vaccine compared to older people. ABC says that the frequency of side effects was higher in the younger age group of 18 to 55-year-old persons at 83% compared to the older 55 and older age group at 71%. Some of the side effects that these people experience are pain, swelling, redness, fever, fatigue, and headaches. Dr. Dean Blumberg believes that this happens because young people have a more active immune system, therefore the side effects are found to be in higher quantities and stronger.

Some of the Covid-19 vaccines that have been approved are Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Sputnik V, Convidencia, Sinopharm, CoronaVac, Covaxin, CoviVac, EpiVacCorona, and RBD-Dimer. 

The WHO says that it is normal to get side effects once people receive their vaccine doses. This happens because vaccines are intended to provide immunity without the risk of contracting the disease. When getting vaccines, it’s normal to have some mild-to-moderate side effects. This is because your immune system tells your body to respond in specific ways, such as increasing blood flow to allow more immune cells to circulate and raising your body temperature to destroy the virus. Some of the common side effects include pain in the injection area, fever, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, chills, and diarrhea. 

This is the information that we have gotten about the Covid-19 vaccine, but overall, vaccines activate our immune system and protect us from diseases without making us sick. Apart from this, vaccines are crucial for public health because they function as a way of disease prevention. Vaccines prevent disease in the people who receive them and protect those who come into contact with unvaccinated individuals, but also, they are necessary for saving lives. Vaccines will always be safe, and it is crucial for us to get them so that we can protect everyone around us, we just have to be conscious of our surroundings and we need to continue taking care of ourselves.

Sources:

  • https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus/coronavirus-and-c ovid-19-younger-adults-are-at-risk-too
  • https://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/c/coronavirus/vaccine#:~ :text=As%20a%20reminder%2C%20the%20U.S.,for%20children%20under%20age%2016.
  • https://www.abc10.com/article/news/health/coronavirus/vaccine/side-effects-second-dose-covid vaccine/103-2df70726-14c6-494a-a626-bd82b98b4baa 
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_COVID-19_vaccine_authorizations 
  • https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/side-effects-of-covid-19-vaccines http://www.valueoptions.com/solutions/2011/08-August/story1.htm 
  • https://www.fhi.no/en/id/vaccines/childhood-immunisation-programme/why-is-vaccination-so-imp ortant/#:~:text=A%20vaccine%20activates%20our%20immune,this%20simple%20and%20effect ive%20way.&text=A%20vaccine%20activates%20our%20immune%20system%20without%20m aking%20us%20sick.,-Many%20dangerous%20infectious

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